DEEPEST LAKE IN THE WORLD DOESN’T HAVE TO BE HARD – TOP 10
6th January 2020
Lakes are natural reservoirs formed in terrestrial concerns, which contain most of the freshwater on the planet. The sizes and depths of lakes may vary, and some of them exceed those of some seas.
10. Matano Lake
Matano is a lake of tectonic origin, located south of Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. Its depth is 590 meters. Matano is the deepest lake in Indonesia. Matano is an important source of freshwater in Indonesia, known for its crystal clear waters, home to a variety of plant species, fish and crayfish. From Matano starts the Pattaya River, which flows and flows into Lake Makhalona by a waterfall.
9. Crater Lake
The crater is a mixed lake with a depth of 594 meters. The crater is the deepest lake in the United States and the second deepest in North America. The lake is considered the main attraction of the homonymous national park, located in Oregon. Crater Lake was formed in the depths of the volcanic basin more than 7,000 years ago due to the destruction of Mount Mazama. Due to the melt of the horses the lake water is distinguished by its special purity and blue color. Crater Lake has an unusual attraction: a huge log called the “Old Man of the Lake”, which has been floating in a vertical position in the reservoir for more than a century. In 2005, Lake Crete was printed on an Oregon commemorative coin.
8. Great Slave Lake
The Great Straw Lake is the deepest lake in Canada and all of North America. Its maximum depth reaches 614 meters. The surface of the lake for 8 months a year is covered with ice, which is so thick during the winter that it can withstand a heavy truck.
7. Issyk-Kul Lake
Issyk-Kul, a salt lake in the northern part of the Tyan-Shansky Mountains in Kyrgyzstan. The maximum depth of this deep lake is 702 meters. From Kyrgyz, it is translated as “hot lake”. It has been called such that even in cold winters it does not freeze due to saltwater. There are some interesting stories and legends about Lake Issyk-Kul. According to one of them, an ancient Armenian monastery is preserved in the lake on the relics of St. Matthaeus. In another legend, it is where the Tamerlane soldiers set their famous stone pyramids. In 2006, at the bottom of the lake were found traces of ancient civilization, which existed 2.5 thousand years ago.
6. Malawi Lake
Malawi (another name: Nyasa) – one of the aridest lakes in the fractured valley of East Africa, located between Mozambique, Malawi, and Tanzania. It is the second deepest in Africa, its maximum depth is 706 meters. In Malawi’s tropical waters there is a great variety of fish compared to all the lakes on the planet. Scientists have come to the conclusion that 100,000 years ago the depth of the lake was reduced by more than 100 meters. The causes of water loss are surface evaporation (up to 80%) and the River Shire, which flows out of the southern part of the lake.
5. San Martin or O’Higgins Lake
The lake is located on the border of Argentina and Chile, 250 meters above sea level. The area is 1058 square meters and the maximum depth is 836 meters. Lake San Martin is the deepest lake in South America. In Argentina, it is called San Martin and in Chile O’Higgins. The lake was named after the famous Argentine hero San Martin and Chilean hero O’Higgins who liberated South America. The Mayer River flows into the lake, and the Paska River flows into the Pacific Ocean.
4. Caspian Sea Lake
The Caspian Sea is the largest lake in the world. The Caspian is called the sea for its enormous size, but without access to the ocean, it cannot be considered a sea. The Caspian Sea is located in Europe and Asia and is divided into 5 countries (Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan). The maximum depth is 1025 meters and the area is about 371,000 square meters. Over 130 rivers flow into the lake, the largest of which is the Volga. Caspian oil and gas reserves are now trillions of dollars.
3. Vostok Lake
Lake Vostok is the largest and deepest icy lake in the world. This particular lake is home to Antarctica, near the Russian Vostok station of Antarctica, from which it got its name Vostok. The maximum depth of this lake is 1200 meters. The lake was exhibited in 1996. In February 2012, Russian scientists had just reached Lake Vostok without ice, as the ice had not melted for exactly 20 years. Lake studies can provide a lot of information about the world.
2. Tanganyika Lake
Lake Tanganyika is the deepest lake in Africa and the second deepest in the world. Its depth is 1470 meters. Tanganyika is also the longest lake in the world with a length of 673 km. Tanganyika is divided into 4 states: Tanzania, Congo, Burundi, Zambia. For Europeans, it was discovered in 1858 by British researchers John Spicone and Richard Burton. Only the Lukuga River originates from the lake. In Tanganyika there are many Crocodiles, Hippopotamuses – there are many literate birds and many beautiful fishes.
1. Baikal Lake
Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in Russia, Asia, and the world. Its depth is 1642 meters. Baikal is a lake of tectonic origin in Russia in the south of eastern Siberia. It is also the world’s largest freshwater reserve. On the shore of Lake Baikal lies the city of Irkutsk. 336 rivers flow into Lake Baikal, the largest of which are Selgan, Upper Angara and Barguzin. From the lake begins a river Antarctica. The lake has been designated part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.